The Accelerated and Inclusive Tax Reform Act (TRAIN Act), officially known as Republic Act No. 10963, is the first package of the Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP) signed by President Rodrigo Duterte on December 19, 2017.  The TRAIN Act is the first of four sets of tax reforms in the 1997 National Tax Code or the amended Tax Code.  This package introduced changes to income tax (PIT), inheritance tax, donor tax, value added tax (VAT), document mark tax (TSN) and excise duties on tobacco products, mineral products, mineral products, automobiles, sugar-sweetened beverages and cosmetic processes.  www.rappler.com/thought-leaders/192873-train-tax-reform-law-what-does-it-change-explainer R.A. No. 10963 increases tax rates on petroleum products in three (3) brackets from January 1, 2018 to January 1, 2018. January 2020 as follows:newsinfo.inquirer.net/959244/news-train-tax-reform-nupl-house-of-representatives-quorum-supreme-court-makabayan-bloc To ease the burden on ordinary taxpayers and allocate additional resources to fund social and economic infrastructure that benefits the poor, President Rodrigo R. Duterte signed Republic Law (RA) No. 10963 on December 19.
 news.mb.com.ph/2018/05/01/state-Anwälte-beantragen-Entlassung-von-2-Petitionen-vs-Zug-Gesetz / Under Law No. 10963, several provisions amended the 1997 National Tax Code on personal income tax, passive income of individuals and enterprises, inheritance tax, donor tax, value added tax, excise duty, stamp duty on documents and tax administration, inter alia. New taxes have also been introduced on luxury goods such as cosmetics and sugary drinks (soft drinks). RA 10963 aimed to make the Philippine tax system simpler, fairer and more efficient in order to encourage investment, create jobs and reduce poverty, and generate revenue that will finance the president`s (Duterte) construction, construction, construction project. aer.ph/significance-of-the-comprehensive tax-reform-program-aka-train/ Determine whether the effectiveness of tax reform is still an evolving issue. Several factors may affect the evolution of our financial structure from time to time. Based on the data we collected, TRAIN Law had a negative impact on the financial system in its early days, especially on rising commodity prices. While the lower class and part of the middle class were covered by the tax exemption, the TRAIN law could not improve the situation of the poorest of the poor.
The TRAIN Act has failed to address income inequality, even though it has helped the middle class. Nevertheless, the TRAIN Act was a government plan to levy taxes on its major infrastructure projects. It remains to be seen whether PR. 10963 has achieved its objectives. Republic Act No. 10963 went into effect on January 1. Further information can be found in the full text of the above-mentioned law. www.bir.gov.ph/images/bir_files/internal_communications_1/TRAIN%20matters/RA-10963-RRD In order to temporarily protect vulnerable households from the first shock of the TRAIN Act, unconditional cash transfers are abolished.
In the first year, beneficiaries receive ₱200 per month. Over the next 2 years, they receive ₱ 300 per month. OZW is obtained from petroleum excise tax revenues. In addition to UCT, social assistance cards are provided to support the continued provision of benefits and subsidies to the poorest households. These include subsidies for „medicine, transport, rice and vocational training”.  www.dof.gov.ph/taxreform/index.php/2017/12/21/duterte-orders-dof-ensure-trains-effective-implementation/ RA 10963 increases excise duty rates on hand-wrapped and machine-wrapped cigarettes as follows: In this legal research paper, we will discuss the main points and effectiveness of R.A. No. 10963. Similarly, we will explain the importance of the law and how it has affected our economy.
Law No. 10963 exempts any person whose annual income is less than 250,000 pesos. According to 2018 surveys, about 17.7 million Philippine pesos earn less than 140,000 pesos per year and about 40 million pesos earn between 140,000 and 280,000 pesos. This means that 57 million people, or about half of the population, can benefit from the tax exemption. The tax reform is also lifting 31 million Filipinos out of poverty, earning between P 280,000 and P 560,000 per year. The new tax system has also allowed wealthy taxpayers to contribute even more. In addition, the new tax initiative allows anyone with income above P3,000,000 to choose the desired tax rate. www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/07/25/1836589/lawmakers-press-supreme-court-stop-train-law#DGcYcj6Dr8gKYATF.99 General Source: Tax Changes You Need to Know Under RA 10963 There have been objections from the Makabayan bloc, a left-wing group that has filed an injunction petition (TRO) against the law. The petition is based on the argument that the tax bill was invalid because there was no quorum when the House of Representatives ratified the report of the bicameral joint conference on the measure, and there was no vote.
The petitioners provided links to official videos and photos that reportedly showed there was no quorum „with barely 10 people on the ground.” The petitioners also noted that another condition was not met, namely majority voting. According to the petitioners, there was no vote, either oral or nominal. The official video of the trial shows Tinio and Zarate repeatedly opposing ratification, but Abu and Defensor continued the process until the petitioners` voices were no longer heard because the microphone had been switched off. In addition to the rules of procedure, the petitioners claimed that article 16, paragraph 2, and article VI of the Constitution, which requires a quorum, had also been violated.  Republic Act No. 10963, better known as the Tax Reform Program for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN), is the first package of the Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP), which went into effect on January 1, 2018 under the Duterte administration. The Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) or Republic Law No. 10963 was signed into law by President Rodrigo Duterte on December 19, 2017 and implemented on January 1, 2018. For 5 years from the entry into force of the law, all revenues will be reserved only for infrastructure and social programs, with a share of 70% and 30% respectively. The TRAIN Act finally came into force in January 2018. Since its implementation, there have been many people for and against the new tax reform, such as Budget Minister Benjamin Diokno, who has expressed support for the bill because the additional revenue provides funds for government initiatives.
 Notable government officials who oppose the current legislation, that is, they are calling for changes or suspensions to certain excise tax increases or to the Act as a whole, including Senator Risa Hontiveros, Senator Bam Aquino and Senator Grace Poe.   Finally, on June 2, 2018, President Duterte said, „Well, the bill has passed Congress. I leave it to Congress to decide whether to amend, suspend or amend the law. Leave it to Congress,” a press conference said.  Among the services that benefited directly from Lot 1 were the Bureau of Internal Revenue and the Bureau of Customs, both of which recorded an increase in turnover of 14.2% and 24.7% respectively. This corresponds to ₱423.1 billion and ₱129.8 billion respectively for the two divisions. Other departments were also able to increase investment and growth in the first quarter due to higher profits. The following table summarises excise duties on motor vehicles. The second column shows the tax rate of vehicles according to their specific price range. The third column represents the actual average effective tax rate.
Since the TRAIN Act increases PIT by 99% of the population, their increase in net income will be even more than enough to offset the impact of excise duties on motor vehicles. This means that they still benefit from the TRAIN as they end up earning additional disposable income. Since wealthier taxpayers tend to buy more cars, the additional revenue from this tax will come mainly from them.  President Duterte exercised his veto power to overturn 5 provisions of the law. The provisions vetoed by him were as follows: Enter your details below or click on an icon to log in: The senators who voted in favour of the bill were Senators Sonny Angara, Nancy Binay, Frank Drilon, JV Ejercito, Chiz Escudero, Win Gatchalian, Dick Gordon, Gringo Honasan, Loren Legarda, Joel Villanueva, Koko Pimentel, Grace Poe, Ralph Recto, Tito Sotto, Cynthia Villar and Migz Zubiri. However, according to JAO No. 2-2018, the importation of these medicines is not exempt. This can cause problems in the procurement process, as most of our medicines are generic or come from imported brands. While data shows that 65% of pharmaceutical sales come from generics , excluding imported drugs from the tax exemption means the law is half-baked. Not all people who prefer branded generics are poor. By Joshua R.
Fuentesfina, JD 1 and Donna Lerma Janica A. Paco, JD 1 Regardless, there are undeniable benefits for patients with diabetes and hypertension. Stakeholders may suffer some loss of profits, but the stability of the economy is usually not immediate. As the tax exemption will be limited to reflect lower tax rates, the new rules will disrupt existing activities, particularly those that are industrial in nature. With President Duterte`s Build, Build, Build movement, the tax on minerals, fuel and cars could be a countercar. Similarly, there is a distant effect of this discount tax on health care, as hospitals and other institutions operate with the same materials (eg,.