What Are the Example of Special Laws in the Philippines

„Some of the particular crimes suspected of involving moral upheaval are adultery, concubinage, rape, arson, tax evasion, barratry, bigamy, extortion, corruption, conspiracy to smuggle opium, duel, embezzlement, extortion, falsification, defamation, fraudulent proof of loss in the insurance contract, murder, mutilation of public records, falsification of evidence, violations of Pension Acts. Perjury, seduction under promises of marriage, Estafa, falsification of public documents, Estafa by falsification of public documents. [18]Ibid. §§ 1 and 2 of Law No. 3326,[28]Law. No. 3326, also known as the Act Establishing Limitation Periods for Offences Punishable by Special Laws and Municipal Ordinances and Fixing the Commencement of the Limitation Period, provides that: The second book of the revised Penal Code defines the specific crimes and penalties that may be imposed for each crime. Crimes are classified as crimes against national security (such as treason, espionage and piracy), crimes against the fundamental laws of the State (rebellion, coup, riot and public riots), crimes against the public interest (counterfeiting of currency, falsification of public documents), crimes against public morality, crimes committed by State agents, crimes against persons (parricide, murder, assault, rape), security crimes (kidnapping) and property crimes (theft, theft), among others. Criminal negligence is also a criminal offence under the revised Criminal Code.

According to the revised Penal Code, acts and omissions punishable by law are called crimes. So, to be considered a crime, there must be an act or omission. „Article 10 Offences not subject to the provisions of this Code. Offences which are or may be punishable under special laws shall not be subject to the provisions of this Code. This Code supplements those laws, unless they expressly provide otherwise. [2]Ibid., Article 10 CPR Finally, the existence of aggravating circumstances will increase the penalty imposed after the offence if convicted. Some examples are contempt or insult to public authority. First, if there is an express provision in the special law stipulating that the provision of the revised Penal Code is applicable. „And the reason is obvious. Since article 22 of the Criminal Code has as a general rule that criminal laws have retroactive effect insofar as they favour the accused, this general rule applies to all laws that may be adopted in the future, and if the legislator intends to make an exception to this rule, it should state so explicitly. [38]Ibid.

The stage of the execution of the crime in question is only the completed stage; There are no attempts and frustrated steps, since what is punishable is the actual commission of the prohibited or punishable act. „R.A. Legislative Declaration No. 7659 that pillage is a heinous crime implies that it is a malum in se. For if the punished acts are intrinsically immoral or intrinsically evil, they are mala in se, and it does not matter whether such acts are punished in a special law, especially since in the case of pillage, the underlying crimes are mainly mala in se. [26] Ibid. The existence of discharge circumstances, on the other hand, exempts the offender from criminal liability, but not from civil liability. Some of these liberating circumstances are or youth. On the other hand, the existence of one or more mitigating circumstances in the commission of an offence may be used to reduce the sentence imposed. One example is voluntary surrender. In People v.

Moran[36], G.R. No. L-17905, on January 27, 1923, the Supreme Court emphasized that criminal laws may be applied retroactively in favour of the defendant and that this need not be expressly provided for by law. As examined by the Court: The following table lists the Philippine laws that have been mentioned in Wikipedia or are of interest. Only laws passed by Congress and its previous organs are listed here; Presidential and other executive orders that might otherwise have the force of law are excluded for the purposes of this table. This article contains a partial list of Philippine laws. The text of many Philippine laws can be found on the following pages: In mala prohibita acts, modifying circumstances such as mitigating and aggravating circumstances are not taken into account by the court when imposing penalties, unless the said special criminal law provides otherwise. In addition to the offences punishable under the revised Penal Code, several other criminal laws have been enacted to punish acts such as illegal possession and trafficking of dangerous drugs, money-laundering and illegal possession of firearms.

These laws are called „special criminal laws” and are part of the Philippine criminal laws. There are some differences between offences punishable under the revised Criminal Code and special criminal laws. The use of means, methods or forms of enforcement that are directly and specifically inclined to ensure their execution, without exposing the offender to a risk of defence that the injured party could afford. The essence of betrayal is that the attack is carried out without warning and in a quick, deliberate and unexpected manner, so that the unfortunate, unarmed and unsuspecting victim has no chance to resist or escape. For treason to be considered, two elements must coincide: (1) the use of means of enforcement that do not give the assaulted persons an opportunity to defend themselves or retaliate; and (2) the means of enforcement were used knowingly or deliberately. [3] Crimes punishable under special laws are called mala prohibita, such as Republic Act No. 9165 or the General Dangerous Drugs Act, Republic Act No. 9262, or illegal possession of firearms, etc. To commit the offence, there must be criminal intent [mens rea], whereas in the case of intent to commit the offence, it is sufficient that the prohibited act be committed freely and knowingly.

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