In common law countries, court opinions are legally binding under the stare decisis (precedent) rule. This rule obliges a court to apply a legal principle previously established by a higher court (sometimes the same) dealing with a similar set of facts. Therefore, the regular publication of these notices is important so that everyone – lawyers, judges and laymen – can know what the law is, as explained by judges. Legal reporting was regulated in the late nineteenth century. Prior to 1865, lawyers attended hearings and wrote and published case reports, often under their own names. These reports are commonly referred to as „appointment reports”. The dissemination of these reports and uncertainty as to what constituted the authoritative report of the judgment led to the creation of the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting (ICLR), which publishes the official legal reports. Many older reports have been collected and published in 172 volumes under the name English Reports. Abbreviations are often used to refer to legal reports and legal journals. Use the Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations to find out what abbreviations mean.
The Cardiff Index contains abbreviations for UK and foreign legal reports and reviews, as well as some important legislative publications and manuals. Westlaw, Lexis and other databases also contain information on abbreviations. The U.S. federal government does not publish an official reporter for federal courts at the county and county level.  Just as the UK government uses ICLR reporters by default, US courts use the West Federal`s unofficial reporters for post-1880 cases, which are the Federal Reporter (for appellate courts) and the Federal Supplement (for district courts).  For federal county and district court cases prior to 1880, U.S. courts use federal cases.  The Federal Reporter, Federal Supplement, and Federal Cases are all part of the NRS and include top notes marked with key West figures.
 West`s NRS also includes several state-specific unofficial journalists for large states such as California.  The NRS now has over 10,000 volumes;  As a result, only the largest legal libraries maintain a complete set of documents in their local collections. In 1865, the non-profit Incorporated Council of Law Reporting (ICLR) for England and Wales was formed, which gradually became the leading publisher of reports in Britain. She compiled most of the best available copies of cases prior to 1866 in the English Books. Cases after 1865 are included in the ICLR`s own legal reports. To date, the UK government does not publish an official report, but its courts have issued rules stipulating that ICLR reports must be cited where available.  Historical practice, which may still apply even when no other report is available, allowed parties to rely on any report „with the name of counsel attached.”  Later, two volumes of Kenya`s so-called appeal reports for the period 1982-1992 were published by Butterworths, a private institution, under the direction of the Honourable Chief Justice A.R.W. Hancox (hence the pseudonym „Hancox Reports”), assisted by a seven-member editorial board. These reports, as their name suggests, contained only the decisions of the Court of Appeal of Kenya selected during this period. Judges may recommend decisions for report, but this decision is usually made by the drafters of the various sets of legal reports.
This means that cases of particular interest may be overlooked, while cases that add nothing new but give the impression of broad coverage may be included. Some government agencies use certain unofficial journalists who specialize in the types of cases that may be critical to the cases before them (and require lawyers and agents before them to quote). For example, the United States Patent and Trademark Office requires citation from the United States Patents Quarterly (USPQ) for patent and trademark practice.   Use this guide to find sources and commentaries for UK jurisdictions (England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland), including e-books, e-journals and databases. Legal reports or rapporteurs are series of books that contain legal opinions drawn from a selection of case law decided by the courts. If reference is made to a particular court opinion, the series of legislative reports in which the notice is printed determines the format of the summons to the case. The Federal Register 1936-1995, and Index to the Register. In the run-up to the resumption of Legal Reports on East Africa, there were sporadic and temporary attempts at legal reporting. First, with the authority of the then Attorney General, six volumes entitled New Kenya Law Reports covering the period 1976-1980 were published by East African Publishing House. These reports contained the decisions of the High Court and Court of Appeal of Kenya and were compiled by the late Justice S. K. Sachdeva and edited by Mr.
Paul H. Niekirk and Mr. Justice Richard Kuloba, Judge of the High Court of Kenya. The publication of these reports was stopped when the publisher allegedly folded them for lack of money. Each province in Canada has an official series of rapporteurs, the decisions of the highest courts and courts of appeal of the respective province. Federal courts, such as the Federal Court, the Federal Court of Appeal and the Tax Court, each have their own series of journalists. The Supreme Court of Canada has its own series of journalists, the Supreme Court Reports. The New Zealand Law Reports (NZLR) are the authoritative reports of the New Zealand Council for Law Reporting and have been published continuously since 1883. The reports publish important cases from the High Court, the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of New Zealand. The reports, which were initially sorted by volume, are sorted by year.
Three volumes are now published per year, with the number of volumes increasing over time from one, to two, and now to three. The reports do not focus on a specific area of law, but on thematic reports that fill that niche. There are approximately 20 privately published series of reports focusing on areas of law.